Heat stress, from exertion or hot environments,
individuals at risk for illnesses such as heat stroke, heat
exhaustion or heat cramps. Children, the elderly, people
with chronic illnesses and people who take certain
medications like tranquilizers or diuretics are especially
at risk for problems from high summer temperatures.
A condition that occurs when the body becomes unable
to control its temperature, and can cause death or
High body temperature
Loss of coordination
Hot, dry skin or profuse sweating
Request immediate medical assistance.
Move the person to a cool, shaded area.
Remove excess clothing and apply cool water
to their body.
The bodys response to an excessive loss of water and
salt, usually through sweating.
Rapid heart beat
Extreme weakness or fatigue
Fast, shallow breathing
Slightly elevated body temperature
Rest in a cool area.
Drink plenty of water or other cool beverages.
Take a cool shower, bath, or sponge bath.
Affect individuals who sweat a lot during strenuous
activity. This lowers the bodys salt and moisture levels.
Muscle cramps, pain, or spasms in the
abdomen, arms or legs
Stop all activity, and sit in a cool place.
Drink clear juice or a sports beverage, or drink
water with food.
o Avoid salt tablets.
Do not return to strenuous activity for a few
hours after the cramps subside.
Seek medical attention if you have the
following: heart problems, are on a low-sodium
diet, or if the cramps do not subside within one
Avoid heavy exertion, extreme heat, sun exposure, and
high humidity when possible. When these cannot be
avoided, take the following preventative steps:
Monitor your physical condition and that of
your neighbors for signs or symptoms of heat
Wear light-colored, loose-fitting, breathable
clothing such as cotton. Avoid non-breathable synthetic
Schedule outdoor activities during the coolest
parts of day.
Try to spend at least part of the day in an air
conditioned place like a shopping mall, a store,
the library, a friends house, or the movies.
Drink water frequently. Drink enough water
that you never become thirsty. Heat Stress,
Fast Facts, Spokane Regional Health District, http://www.srhd.org